Storage

All agricultural cooperatives are involved in storage of some kind. It may be the inputs that they are selling or the produce that they buy from members or both. Most agricultural co-operatives store at least some of the produce delivered by their members. This is done for several reasons:

  • To hold the small amounts of produce received from individual members until there is enough to make transportation to a processing plant or a bulk buyer worthwhile.
  • To store the produce until it can fetch a better price on the market.
  • To allow further drying of the produce in order to meet standards set by processors.

If a co-operative is unable to store produce, the members may have to do so themselves without proper facilities, or else sell immediately at unfavourable prices. There are many costs and risks involved in storage. This study guide is intended for managers and committee members who need to know how to store produce safely. It explains what the risks are and how to minimise them, and how to control the costs of storage so that the benefits outweigh them.

Copyright © 1991 International Labour Organization 

Web edition (revised) Copyright © 2007 Food and Agriculture Organization

Resources

resource title type year resource
Lesson 1: Storage risks and moisture problems Lesson 1991
This resource appears in: Storage

The objective of this lesson is to introduce the type of problems that may arise in relation to the storage of produce in agricultural cooperatives and examine in detail the issue of excess moisture and how to measure and control it.

Author MATCOM
Region / Country Global
Lesson 2: Pest control - prevention Lesson 1991
This resource appears in: Storage

The objective of this lesson is to learn about the different types of pests that can damage stored crops and how infestation can be prevented through pest-proofing techniques and adequate store hygiene and inspection.

Author MATCOM
Region / Country Global
Lesson 3: Pest control – storing and using chemicals Lesson 1991
This resource appears in: Storage

The objective of this lesson is to learn how chemicals can be used to control rodents and insects and the importance of handling and applying these dangerous substances carefully.

Author MATCOM
Region / Country Global
Lesson 4: The storage building Lesson 1991
This resource appears in: Storage

The objective of this lesson is to introduce different types of storage building and the factors that have to be considered when planning the construction of a new storage building. The lesson also explains how to calculate space requirements for bagged produce.

Author MATCOM
Region / Country Global
Keywords Cooperative, Storage Requirements
Lesson 5: Good storage practice Lesson 1991
This resource appears in: Storage

The objective of this lesson is to explain key elements of good storage practice which help to protect products. Topics include stacking, care of bags and other containers, cleaning and maintenance, record keeping, and how to deal with spillage, pilferage and storm damage.

Author MATCOM
Region / Country Global
Keywords Cooperative, Store Management
Lesson 6: Storage costs Lesson 1991
This resource appears in: Storage

The objective of this lesson is to explain how to calculate and compare the costs and benefits of storage. Unless the benefits exceed the costs, storage is not worthwhile, so these calculations should form the basis of all storage decisions.

Author MATCOM
Region / Country Global

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