|Refugee Access to Financial Services in Jordan||Brief||2019||English (en)|
This resource appears in: Country studies
Areas of innovation that improve access to financial services for refugees
A lack of recognized documentation can create barriers to basic communication services, such as mobile phone services and digital mobile wallets, in addition to traditional financial services such as opening of bank accounts. To overcome any such barriers, UNHCR Jordan has been piloting emerging innovation technology and financial service options. In 2013, the introduction of Iris-enabled biometric registration has been the first key-step: a quick and efficient way in which the identity of refugees could be better protected by eliminating potential fraud.
In addition to reiterating the need to ensure access to identity documents for refugees as a key tool to achieve their legal protection, and contribute to their self-reliance and resilience, this report looks into areas of innovation that improve access to financial services, such as:
|Local-economy impacts of cash crop promotion||Brief||2019|
This resource appears in: Money management, Rural Financial Services: General, Financial sector linkages, Country studies, Africa
A number of studies have examined the direct impacts of cash crop production on producer households. This is the first to quantify the general equilibrium impacts of introducing a new cash crop into a poor isolated economy, including impacts on environmentally sensitive fishing activities.
This research has found that the introduction of oil palm production explains the striking growth in income in Uganda’s Ssese Islands, including large-scale production spillovers to non-palm sectors as well as a significant reduction in pressure on the Lake Victoria fishery.
It also shows that oil palm development, through a project that connected a commercial aggregator with small-scale farmers, enabled an economy at a low-level equilibrium to transition to a higher equilibrium state, with positive spillovers across households as well as across production sectors.
Overall, econometric evidence confirms results from simulations using an island-wide general equilibrium model parameterized from new micro survey data.